Broken Energy Saver Bulbs

Why is it important to clean up a broken CFL properly?

CFLs and other fluorescent light bulbs contain a small amount of mercury sealed within the glass tubing. When a fluorescent bulb breaks in your home, some of this mercury is released as mercury vapor. To minimize exposure to mercury vapor, it is recommended that residents follow the cleanup and disposal steps described on this page.

 

What if I can't follow all the recommended steps or I cleaned up a CFL but didn't do it properly?

Don't be alarmed; these steps are only precautions that reflect best practices for cleaning up a broken CFL. Keep in mind that CFLs contain a very small amount of mercury -- less than 1/100th of the amount in a mercury thermometer. 

 

However, if you are concerned about your health after cleaning up a broken CFL, consult your local poison control center by calling 0800 333 444. You can call your center any time you have questions or in an emergency. 

Before Cleanup

  • • Have people and pets leave the room.
  • • Air out the room for 5-10 minutes by opening a window or door to the outdoor environment. 
  • • Shut off the central forced air heating/air-conditioning system, if you have one.

 

Collect materials needed to clean up broken bulb:

  • • stiff paper or cardboard;
  • • sticky tape;
  • • damp paper towels or disposable wet wipes (for hard surfaces); and
  • • a glass jar with a metal lid or a sealable plastic bag.

 

Cleanup Steps for Hard Surfaces

  1. Carefully scoop up glass fragments and powder using stiff paper or cardboard and place debris and paper/cardboard in a glass jar with a metal lid. If a glass jar is not available, use a sealable plastic bag.(NOTE: Since a plastic bag will not prevent the mercury vapor from escaping, remove the plastic bag(s) from the home after cleanup.)

     
  2. Use sticky tape, such as duct tape, to pick up any remaining small glass fragments and powder. Place the used tape in the glass jar or plastic bag.

  3. Wipe the area clean with damp paper towels or disposable wet wipes. Place the towels in the glass jar or plastic bag.

  4. Vacuuming of hard surfaces during cleanup is not recommended unless broken glass remains after all other cleanup steps have been taken. (NOTE: It is possible that vacuuming could spread mercury-containing powder or mercury vapor, although available information on this problem is limited.) If vacuuming is needed to ensure removal of all broken glass, keep the following tips in mind:

  5. Keep a window or door to the outdoors open;

     
  6. Vacuum the area where the bulb was broken using the vacuum hose, if available; and Remove the vacuum bag (or empty and wipe the canister) and seal the bag/vacuum debris, and any materials used to clean the vacuum, in a plastic bag.

  7. Promptly place all bulb debris and cleanup materials, including vacuum cleaner bags, outdoors in a trash container or protected area until materials can be disposed of.  Avoid leaving any bulb fragments or cleanup materials indoors. 

  8. Next, check with your local government about disposal requirements in your area, because some localities require fluorescent bulbs (broken or unbroken) be taken to a local recycling center. If there is no such requirement in your area, you can dispose of the materials with your household trash.

  9. Wash your hands with soap and water after disposing of the jars or plastic bags containing bulb debris and cleanup materials.

  10. Continue to air out the room where the bulb was broken and leave the H&AC system shut off, as practical, for several hours.

Cleanup Steps for Carpeting or Rugs

  1. Carefully scoop up glass fragments and powder using stiff paper or cardboard and place debris and paper/cardboard in a glass jar with a metal lid. If a glass jar is not available, use a sealable plastic bag.(NOTE: Since a plastic bag will not prevent the mercury vapor from escaping, remove the plastic bag(s) from the home after cleanup.)

     

  2. Use sticky tape, such as duct tape, to pick up any remaining small glass fragments and powder. Place the used tape in the glass jar or plastic bag.

  3. Vacuuming of carpeting or rugs during cleanup is not recommended unless broken glass remains after all other cleanup steps have been taken.(NOTE: It is possible that vacuuming could spread mercury-containing powder or mercury vapor, although available information on this problem is limited.)

  4. If vacuuming is needed to ensure removal of all broken glass, keep the following tips in mind:

    • • Keep a window or door to the outdoors open;

    • • Vacuum the area where the bulb was broken using the vacuum hose, if available, and 

    • • Remove the vacuum bag (or empty and wipe the canister) and seal the bag/vacuum debris, and any materials used to clean the vacuum, in a plastic bag.

  5. Promptly place all bulb debris and cleanup materials, including vacuum cleaner bags, outdoors in a trash container or protected area until materials can be disposed of.  Avoid leaving any bulb fragments or cleanup materials indoors. 

  6. Next, check with your local government about disposal requirements in your area, because some localities require fluorescent bulbs (broken or unbroken) be taken to a local recycling center. If there is no such requirement in your area, you can dispose of the materials with your household trash.

  7. Wash your hands with soap and water after disposing of the jars or plastic bags containing bulb debris and cleanup materials.

  8. Continue to air out the room where the bulb was broken and leave the H&AC system shut off, as practical, for several hours.